Steel Hydraulic Fittings

Hydraulic Fittings

Steel hydraulic fittings are perfect for applications that require resistance to high pressure. They also perform well in situations where the possibility of the coupling being violently contacted is present. Steel is also very durable when faced with temperature extremes. However, unless coated with other materials, steel is unable to resist corrosion. Some of the types of steel fittings are:

Tees: This basic type of fitting features a total of three ports, two of which are 90 degrees from the main port. A tee fitting can connect pipe of like sizes, but can also use reducing ends in any combination to facilitate the junctions of differing diameter pipe or tubing. Tees are useful for installation into situations where flow needs to be generated to different areas.

Unions: Union fittings connect two ends of pipe in a configuration that allows for easy release. Union fittings are most commonly threaded, which allows for ease in removal and replacement of the coupling.

Cross: Cross fittings have four ports in a cross or X pattern. A cross allows for one inlet and three outlets or vice versa. The downside to cross fittings is that, due to the intensified pressure of having four ports in close proximity to one another, they can be less stable than a situation that instead utilizes two elbows.

Elbows: An elbow fitting creates a change of direction for piping. Generally, elbows come in 45 or 90 degrees, but specialty suppliers and manufacturers such as Hydraulic Fittings USA can create an angle of any design. Elbows also come in reducers, where one port is of a different diameter than the other.

Nipple: A nipple fitting is a relatively short piece of material that is typically threaded on both ends. A nipple is used to basically act as a splice between two pieces of pipe or tubing.

Cap: A cap fitting is placed on the end of a line. If it is threaded, it has female threads, so it may cover the end of the pipe in which the flow needs to be halted. If it is not threaded, then the cap is affixed with either a brazing process or, in the case of plastics, a solvent adhesive.

Plug: A plug does the same job as a cap, except that is has male threads and fits inside of the pipe that needs flow to be halted.

Types of Steel Hydraulic Fittings

Steel hydraulic fittings come in several different variations of steel, and different types of mixtures are added to give steel more desirable qualities for the jobs that a fitting accomplishes. The common types of steel used in fittings are:

Steel - This is the most basic type. While steel is very strong and durable, it has little resistance to corrosion. This fact requires machining of the metal to add the necessary properties.

Stainless Steel - Stainless is the most common type of steel fitting. Stainless steel is actually ferrous alloy that contains, at minimum, 10% chromium. Stainless steel contains the strength and durability of steel while also being very resistant to corrosion. Stainless steel fittings can withstand extremes of both temperature and pressure.

Galvanized Steel - Galvanized steel uses a chemical process to coat the metal with layers of zinc. This process makes the metal much more resistant to corrosion. Galvanized steel is a popular choice for pipe fittings, and is relatively inexpensive.

Carbon Steel - Carbon steel provides absolute maximum strength and durability. Carbon is the element of steel that creates strength, so carbon steel is crucial for applications that require resistance to the most extreme temperatures or where there is the possibility of external force being exerted against the fitting.

Who Needs Steel Hydraulic Fittings?

Any person or entity working with piping that carries high pressure should be using steel hydraulic fittings. In its variations, steel fittings encompass all of the top qualities that a fitting needs. In stainless and galvanized steel, corrosion is not a problem, and carbon steel offers the advantage of being nearly indestructible.

Choosing the proper steel fitting is critical to the success of a job. Every factor such as pressure, external forces and the type of fluid or gas that will be running through the lines needs to be carefully considered before reaching a decision as to which type of steel fitting should be applied.

Never leave this important decision to chance. To make 100% certain that you are using the steel fitting that will best handle the job, consult the experts at Hydraulic Fittings USA. Their many years of experience designing, creating and selling steel fittings will guarantee that the information you get will be spot-on, and will remove any possibility of your job having serious complications resulting from improper use of fittings.

Specialty Steel Hydraulic Fittings

In the course of any job, it is possible that a custom fitting will be necessary. If this happens, the engineers at Hydraulic Fittings USA have a wealth of experience designing and producing exactly the fitting that will accommodate your job. Get in touch with the staff at Hydraulic Fittings USA to make sure that your custom fitting is made of the highest quality materials and machined to your specific needs.

Thank you for visiting our Steel Hydraulic Fittings.